Ananya Jain of the agency Komsomolskaya Pravda goes in-depth to the Moscow Agreement, and South Korea’s silent war with the North.
It is conventional to condemn the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), by blaming it for being the one to attack first, thereby starting the civil war that is unfolding before our very eyes today. But in a scenario where newspaper articles and radio reports portray the South and the forces leading it onto the battlefield as the innocent ones – the ones being attacked – and the North as a rogue nation, it is quintessential to provide perspective by bringing both sides of the story to light. The struggle to own the past, and using it to supplement contemporary interests and make civilians believe in the propaganda fed to them, has led to gross, insurmountable distortions which have tainted the lens through which we look at the world and form our opinions.
The only solution is to recognise the fact that the current scenario, although much like a game of chess, has neither a black nor a white side. More so, attempting to point fingers at such an hour is futile. The only thing to be done now is to provide perspective, and this article aims to do just that.
One cannot forget that under the Moscow agreement of December 1945, it had been agreed by Britain, USA and the USSR that, post liberation from Japan, Korea would become a unified, independent, democratic state. In violation of this agreement, the government of the USA took advantage of the provisional military occupation by the victorious powers to set up a regime in South Korea subservient to Washington. The South Korean President, Synghman Rhee, was brought back to the aforementioned after 30 years in USA, and he now heads the puppet government there in the capacity of a pawn. Mass media refers to the Supreme Leader Kim Jong Un’s rule as dictatorial, but chooses to ignore the fact that Rhee liquidated political opposition and abolished the press through sheer brute force.
On 7th October 1949, Syngman Rhee boasted that the South Korean army could take the North Korean capital of Pyongyang within three days. Empty or not, this threat was direct. According to Kim I Sek, the final instructions given to Syngman Rhee by Dulles were to “Start the aggression against the north, accompanied by a counter-propaganda on the grounds that the North has invaded the South first… the United States, by accusing North Korea of attacking South Korea, will compel the United Nations to take action, in whose name land, naval and air forces would be mobilised.” If this statement doesn’t scream “aggressor”, it seems uncertain what would.
The media also conveniently overlooks the fact that most of the war’s casualties took place after U.N. forces had outflanked and defeated the NKPA after the Inchon landing. The United Nations Security Council neither asked the North Korean government to give its version of the outbreak of hostilities nor took into consideration its claim that the South Koreans were the aggressors. On the 2nd July, the Observer boasted that the “The Security Council, overnight, was transformed into the executive authority of non-Communist world opinion”. This brings me to the next topic I deem essential to address; communism.
The USA likes to pin this war down to a simple case of difference in political ideology, but the enormous profits in dollars they are reaping in the industrial- military complex suggest otherwise. But for the sake of humouring us all, let us delve deeper into the aforementioned. Essentially, the philosophy of communism is ‘from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs’. It leads to rapid development and economic growth, equitable distribution of wealth and full employment of manpower. In response to the allegations based against communism, it is imperative to recognise that communism is an idea, with no physical form or thought of its own. It does not “impose” itself on people, nor has any say in matters of the government. Its conception depends on the leaders.
Kim Jong Un, a guerrilla fighter against the Japanese, is the Korean Peninsula’s best bet. Even the Americas did not want a democratic government when they fought the Revolution- they wanted a Confederate.
It is an undeniable fact that USA’s stockpile of nuclear weapons remains unparalleled across the globe. Should it decide to put them to use, we might be looking at the tip of the iceberg that is World War 3.With its penchant for Balkanising countries and leaving behind ruins and destruction wherever it goes, we can unequivocally agree that with the global hegemony involved, nothing is ever as it seems.
As the chess board is arranged and strategies formulated, the world stands by with bated breath.